Tuesday, May 15, 2018

Extinction: A Radical History Paperback – July 22, 2016 by Ashley Dawson (Or Books)

Extinction: a Radical History reads more like an essay than a book. Overall the writing style is a bit preachy and quite dry just as I imagine most student essays.When purchasing this book I was under the impression that the central theme would be extinction. However, after reading this book it appears the central theme is capitalism and its influence on nature. Make no mistake, a great portion of this book is political not science, history, or nature based. This was extremely disappointing.

Furthermore, the author often shortchanges the reader by offering opinions without leading the reader through sufficient evidence to support his claim. Many times there is no evidentiary support within the text at all. This leaves the reader doing all the legwork of cross-referencing every supposition this author makes. Ultimately making this book a frustrating read and leading me to wonder what purpose if any this book served.

Some thousands of years ago, the world was home to an immense variety of large mammals. From wooly mammoths and saber-toothed tigers to giant ground sloths and armadillos the size of automobiles, these spectacular creatures roamed freely. Then human beings arrived. Devouring their way down the food chain as they spread across the planet, they began a process of voracious extinction that has continued to the present.

Headlines today are made by the existential threat confronting remaining large animals such as rhinos and pandas. But the devastation summoned by humans extends to humbler realms of creatures including beetles, bats and butterflies. Researchers generally agree that the current extinction rate is nothing short of catastrophic. Currently the earth is losing about a hundred species every day.

This relentless extinction, Ashley Dawson contends in a primer that combines vast scope with elegant precision, is the product of a global attack on the commons, the great trove of air, water, plants and creatures, as well as collectively created cultural forms such as language, that have been regarded traditionally as the inheritance of humanity as a whole.

This attack has its genesis in the need for capital to expand relentlessly into all spheres of life. Extinction, Dawson argues, cannot be understood in isolation from a critique of our economic system. To achieve this we need to transgress the boundaries between science, environmentalism and radical politics. Extinction: A Radical History performs this task with both brio and brilliance.

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